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Ivan Franko

Encyclopedia of the life and works


Encyclopedia of the life and works of Ivan Franko

Clean out path of liberty and truth I boldly

Fragment of the rhyme «Hymn (Eternal…

Ivan Franko (1856 – 1916) – famous Ukrainian activist, enligchtener and awakener of the Ukrainian people.

At the time of his birth the Ukrainian spirit in Galicia smoulder under dounble yoke of the Austrian bureaucracy and Polish nobility. It seemed – Galicia is about to become part of Europe… as a Polish province.

Ivan Franko was among the leaders who decided to turn the wheel of fate. He became famous in every region, which was set – as a poet, novelist, playwright, translator of artistic works of all genres; as a scientist, historian, folklorist, ethnographer, economist, historian of literature; as a journalist, literary critic, editor and publisher; and finally as publicist and politician.

At the end of his life Ukrainian living in Galicia stood on a firm foot, not only in economics, literature and science, but also in politics, putting forward the slogan of an independent united Ukraine. To struggle for this ideal were people brought up on the works of Frank.

This project aims to give comprehensive information about the Ivan Franko. It has a very extensive hierarchical structure, so you may need some time to navigate it.

Site sections

About project

The project is based on the edition of Ivan Franko's works in 50 volumes, published in Kyiv by the publishing house "Naukova Dumka" in 1976 – 1986. Like every Soviet publication, it was distorted by political censorship, which appeared in the deletion of most acute and unpleasant for Moscow works; in reducing unpleasant moments for the Russian authorities in other works; in constant admonitions that all Franko's comrades were Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists and therefore better not to remember them.

Therefore, during preparation of electronic publication, we tried to add Franko's texts also from other sources. All Chekist-moskowfile political nonsense in comments ruthlessly deleted, instead for a number of cases prepared new factual comments.

How to use Web publishing


Site visitors can use next features;

- take advantage of the full texts, browse photo galleries, use these materials in theis own works;

- easy to move between works by pressing Ctrl + cursor up (left) / down (right);

- search data you need via the search box in the upper right of the window;

- print documents you need using the "Print versoin" button;

- follow the news of our site;

- send mails to us with comments and suggestions;

- correct spelling errors, selecting them by mouse and pressing Ctrl+Enter;


To facilitate the reading of texts taken following font styles:

Style Value
Style With bold highlighted that Taras Shevchenko found necessary to highlight in his text, regardless of how fontware design of this selection.
Father With bold italic highlighted accents.
raison Highlighted words, which are explained. To see these explanations, one should move the mouse on the word – an explanation will appear in the hint bubble. In this way, given translations of foreign words (not to clog the main text) and rarely used synonyms of ukrainian words. To quotations I indicates the citation source.
[Note] In brackets are given in green comments by N.I.Zharkikh.


Some works of Ivan Franko known in several author'a variations that reflect different stages of work on the piece.

A unique feature of our web-edition is the ability to read versions of each piece for which such variants are known. A special variant management system was designed for this purpose.

If the product has variants then floating toolbar displayed on the screen. By default it is located in the lower left corner. You can move it to another location, pressing the handles in the corners of the panel. You can switch off the panel by pressing the «X» (after that you can re-activate the panel by clicking «Floating panel» button, which is located right above the main text).

A number of other works has two or more relatively independent author's versions. Such works submitted as separate documents linked by references.

We would point out that in our edition presents not all variants of the Franko's texts, but only those which are recognized as significant by scholars-textologists. Publication of all variants (if it considered necessary) is the future, and it probably will not close.

Line numbers

Another unique feature of our web edition (also specially designed for it): one can see the line numbers and manipulate those numbers.

Double click this line to see its number

To do this, double click the desired line. At the end of its text a small panel will be appear that contains the row number in brackets, and links with the letters C and B. When you click the link C[opy], you copy this line URL to the clipboard and then can paste it into your document. By clicking the link with B[ookmark], you can add a bookmark at this line to your browser.

To remove all panels, added in this way simply reload the document (in most browsers – press a F5 key).

Please be aware that B links are working only in MS Internet Explorer.

Thus, each line of Franko in our publication has its own URL, which allow you make accurate references to work as a whole or to its specific fragment.

The author

The project author is Nikolai Zharkikh. So when you see the notes "I think…", this I means Nikolai Zharkikh. Because I.Franko's works belong to our public domain, I will gladly consider any offers for improving this web project.

Our other sites

Myslene drevo – free reading room – ukrainian information resources for science and education
Taras Shevchenko – encyclopedia of life and creativity – encyclopedia of life and creativity
Mykhajlo Hrushevsky – encyclopedia of life and creativity – encyclopedia of life and creativity
Lesja Ukrainka – encyclopedia of life and creativity – encyclopedia of life and creativity
Knowledge on Ukraine – ukrainian bibliography – ukrainian bibliography, links to full texts
Forefathers' glory – ukrainian sights – ukrainian sights and monuments